Diseases

I can help you detect and solve various problems.

Gallstones

Also called biliary calculi, these are hardened deposits of digestive fluid that can form in the gallbladder. The gallbladder is a small, pear-shaped organ located on the right side of the abdomen, just below the liver. It contains digestive fluid called bile, which is released into the small intestine.

Hernias

  • Ventral: A ventral hernia occurs when tissue protrudes through an opening in the abdominal muscles. You may notice the size of a ventral hernia reduces when lying down.
  • Femoral: This occurs when the intestine passes under the inguinal ligament into the femoral canal, causing intense pain. Sometimes a mass or bulge can be seen under the inguinal ligament.
  • Inguinal: These occur when the intestines push through a weak spot or tear in the lower abdominal wall, often in the inguinal canal. This type is also more common in men.
  • Hiatal: Occurs when part of your stomach protrudes through the diaphragm into the chest cavity. The diaphragm is a muscle layer that helps you breathe by contracting and drawing air into the lungs.

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) and Achalasia

GERD describes the backflow of stomach contents into the esophagus. Normally, gastric or intestinal contents do not pass into the esophagus due to the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) acting as a valve to prevent food passage.

Gastritis

  • Gastric Ulcer: A sore on the lining of the stomach or the first part of the small intestine. The most common symptom is a burning sensation in the stomach. Pain can occur between meals or during the night.

Colitis

Colitis refers to inflammation of the inner lining of the colon. Causes include infection, inflammatory bowel disease (such as Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis), ischemic colitis, allergic reactions, and microscopic colitis.

Appendicitis

Inflammation of the appendix, a closed tube of tissue attached to the large intestine in the lower right abdomen. Inflammation can occur when the appendix is infected or blocked with stool, foreign objects, or a tumor.

Intestinal Obstruction

A blockage that prevents food or liquid from passing through the small or large intestine (colon). Causes include fibrous bands of tissue (adhesions) in the abdomen formed after surgeries, hernias, colon cancer, or certain medications.

Lipomas or Fatty Tumors

A lipoma is a lump of fat growing in the body’s soft tissues. Though classified as a tumor, it is generally harmless. It is the most common tumor found under the skin, affecting about 1 in every 1,000 people at some point.

Skin Surgical Pathology

Involves treatment for skin and subcutaneous fat lesions such as fibromas, warts, lipomas, sebaceous cysts, or nearby structures such as synovial cysts visible through the skin.

Digestive Tract Tumors

These are cancers of the digestive tract lining. Cancer starts when cells grow uncontrollably. Cells in almost any body part can become cancer. Don’t hesitate to see a specialist for prompt, qualified attention.

Gastrointestinal Bleeding

GI bleeding is a symptom of a disorder in your digestive system. Blood may appear in stool or vomit but is not always visible, causing black or tarry stools.

Splenomegaly (Enlarged Spleen)

This condition can reduce healthy red blood cells, platelets, and white blood cells in the bloodstream, leading to frequent infections, anemia, and increased bleeding.

Diabetic Foot

A complication of diabetes that can occur in patients with a long history of the disease or even those recently diagnosed but poorly controlled.

Diverticulosis

The formation of small pouches called diverticula in the walls of your digestive tract. The inner layer of the intestine pushes through weak spots in the outer lining. This pressure causes small pouches to protrude, usually in the colon.

Liver Abscesses

Purulent collections in liver parenchyma due to bacterial, fungal, or parasitic infection. The infection can spread to the liver through the bile ducts, hepatic veins, or portal vein, from trauma, or by extension of an adjacent infection.

Liver Cysts

Fluid-filled cavities in the liver that generally do not cause symptoms or require treatment. However, they may grow large enough to cause pain or discomfort in the upper right abdomen.

Neck Pathology

  • Thyroid Nodule: Solid or fluid-filled lumps that form within the thyroid, a small gland at the base of the neck above the sternum.
  • Zenker’s Diverticulum: The most common type of esophageal diverticulum, located at the pharyngoesophageal junction.
  • Parathyroid: Affect the parathyroids, four small glands in the neck near the thyroid. They produce parathyroid hormone (PTH).
  • Thyroglossal Cyst: A fluid-filled cavity in the front of the neck. The child is born with this cyst, formed from leftover tissue during the thyroid gland’s development as an embryo.

Testicular Diseases

  • Phimosis: Tightening of the foreskin opening that prevents retraction over the tip of the penis.
  • Testicular Tumors: A painless lump or swelling in either testicle. Early detection may find a tumor the size of a pea or marble, but it can grow much larger.
  • Varicocele: Enlargement of veins within the scrotum, similar to varicose veins in the legs. It occurs in 1 in 6 men.
  • Hydrocele: Swelling in the scrotum due to fluid accumulation around the testicle. Common in newborns.

Coloproctology Conditions

  • Hemorrhoids: Swollen veins in the lower rectum and anus. Sometimes the vessel walls stretch thin, making the veins bulge and become irritated, especially during bowel movements.
  • Anal Fissures: Small tears in the lining of the anus. The tear causes severe pain and some bright red bleeding during and after bowel movements.
  • Anal Fistulas: Small tunnels connecting an infected gland inside the anus to an opening in the skin around the anus. Symptoms include pain and swelling around the anus.
  • Abscesses: Acute infection of a small gland inside the anus caused by bacteria or fecal matter entering the tissue through the gland. Certain conditions, such as colitis or other bowel inflammations, can make these infections more likely.
  • Pilonidal Cyst: An abnormal cavity in the skin, usually containing hair and skin particles. Most often found near the tailbone at the top of the buttock cleft.

Pancreatic Pathology

  • Pancreatic Tumors: Also known as pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors, they form in the pancreas cells and may or may not show symptoms.
  • Acute and Chronic Pancreatitis: Inflammatory processes in the pancreas with significant associated morbidity and mortality, particularly in patients with severe complications, necrosis, or infection.
  • Pancreatic Abscesses: A pus collection near the pancreas, distinct from infected necrosis by having little or no necrosis.

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